Behavioural, hormonal and neurobiological mechanisms of aggressive behaviour in human and nonhuman primates.

Bibliographic Collection: 
MOCA Reference, APE
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: de Almeida, Rosa Maria Martins; Cabral, João Carlos Centurion; Narvaes, Rodrigo
Year of Publication: 2015
Journal: Physiol Behav
Volume: 143
Pagination: 121-35
Date Published: 2015 May 1
Publication Language: eng
ISSN: 1873-507X
Keywords: Agonistic Behavior, Animals, Hormones, Humans, Neurobiology, Neurotransmitter Agents, Sex Characteristics, Social Behavior

Aggression is a key component for social behaviour and can have an adaptive value or deleterious consequences. Here, we review the role of sex-related differences in aggressive behaviour in both human and nonhuman primates. First, we address aggression in primates, which varies deeply between species, both in intensity and in display, ranging from animals that are very aggressive, such as chimpanzees, to the nonaggressive bonobos. Aggression also influences the hierarchical structure of gorillas and chimpanzees, and is used as the main tool for dealing with other groups. With regard to human aggression, it can be considered a relevant adaptation for survival or can have negative impacts on social interaction for both sexes. Gender plays a critical role in aggressive and competitive behaviours, which are determined by a cascade of physiological changes, including GABAergic and serotonergic systems, and sex neurosteroids. The understanding of the neurobiological bases and behavioural determinants of different types of aggression is fundamental for minimising these negative impacts.

DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.02.053
Alternate Journal: Physiol. Behav.
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