The comparative genomics and complex population history of Papio baboons

Bibliographic Collection: 
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Rogers, Jeffrey; Raveendran, Muthuswamy; Harris, R. Alan; Mailund, Thomas; Leppälä, Kalle; Athanasiadis, Georgios; Schierup, Mikkel Heide; Cheng, Jade; Munch, Kasper; Walker, Jerilyn A.; Konkel, Miriam K.; Jordan, Vallmer; Steely, Cody J.; Beckstrom, Thomas O.; Bergey, Christina; Burrell, Andrew; Schrempf, Dominik; Noll, Angela; Kothe, Maximillian; Kopp, Gisela H.; Liu, Yue; Murali, Shwetha; Billis, Konstantinos; Martin, Fergal J.; Muffato, Matthieu; Cox, Laura; Else, James; Disotell, Todd; Muzny, Donna M.; Phillips-Conroy, Jane; Aken, Bronwen; Eichler, Evan E.; Marques-Bonet, Tomas; Kosiol, Carolin; Batzer, Mark A.; Hahn, Matthew W.; Tung, Jenny; Zinner, Dietmar; Roos, Christian; Jolly, Clifford J.; Gibbs, Richard A.; Worley, Kim C.; ,
Year of Publication: 2019
Journal: Science Advances
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Pagination: eaau6947
Date Published: 2019/01/01
Publication Language: eng

Recent studies suggest that closely related species can accumulate substantial genetic and phenotypic differences despite ongoing gene flow, thus challenging traditional ideas regarding the genetics of speciation. Baboons (genus Papio) are Old World monkeys consisting of six readily distinguishable species. Baboon species hybridize in the wild, and prior data imply a complex history of differentiation and introgression. We produced a reference genome assembly for the olive baboon (Papio anubis) and whole-genome sequence data for all six extant species. We document multiple episodes of admixture and introgression during the radiation of Papio baboons, thus demonstrating their value as a model of complex evolutionary divergence, hybridization, and reticulation. These results help inform our understanding of similar cases, including modern humans, Neanderthals, Denisovans, and other ancient hominins.

DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau6947
Short Title: Sci Adv