The dental remains from the Early Upper Paleolithic of Manot Cave, Israel

Bibliographic Collection: 
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Sarig, Rachel; Fornai, Cinzia; Pokhojaev, Ariel; May, Hila; Hans, Mark; Latimer, Bruce; Barzilai, Omry; Quam, Rolf; Weber, Gerhard W.
Year of Publication: 2019
Journal: Journal of Human Evolution
Pagination: 102648
Date Published: 2019/10/11/
Publication Language: eng
ISBN Number: 0047-2484
Keywords: Deciduous teeth, Geometric morphometrics, Modern humans, Molars, Neanderthals, Premolars

This study presents the dental remains discovered at Manot Cave (MC), Western Galilee, Israel. The cave contains evidence for human occupation during the Early Upper Paleolithic period (46–33 ka) mainly of Early Ahmarian (∼46–42 ka) and Levantine Aurignacian (∼38–34 ka) cultural levels. Six teeth (three deciduous and three permanent) were found at the site, of which four could be thoroughly analyzed. The morphology of the teeth was qualitatively described and analyzed using traditional and geometric morphometric methods. A large comparative sample was used in order to assess the morphological affiliation of the Manot specimens with other Homo groups. The results provided equivocal signals: the upper first premolar (MC-9 P3) is probably modern human; the upper deciduous second molar (MC-10 dm2) and the upper second permanent molar (MC-8 M2) might be modern humans; the lower second deciduous molar (MC-7 dm2) might be Neanderthal. Owing to the small sample size and the almost total lack of distinctive characteristics, our outcome could not supply conclusive evidence to address the question of whether Manot Aurignacian population came from Europe or descended from the local Ahmarian population.

Short Title: Journal of Human Evolution