Hematologically important mutations: the autosomal recessive forms of chronic granulomatous disease (second update).

Bibliographic Collection: 
MOCA Reference, APE
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Roos, Dirk; Kuhns, Douglas B; Maddalena, Anne; Bustamante, Jacinta; Kannengiesser, Caroline; de Boer, Martin; van Leeuwen, Karin; Köker, M Yavuz; Wolach, Baruch; Roesler, Joachim; Malech, Harry L; Holland, Steven M; Gallin, John I; Stasia, Marie-José
Year of Publication: 2010
Journal: Blood Cells Mol Dis
Volume: 44
Issue: 4
Pagination: 291-9
Date Published: 04/2010
Publication Language: eng
ISSN: 1096-0961
Keywords: Amino Acid Substitution, Codon, Nonsense, Genes, Recessive, Granulomatous Disease, Chronic, Humans, Mutation, Mutation, Missense, NADPH Oxidase, Point Mutation, Polymorphism, Genetic, Pseudogenes, RNA Splice Sites, Sequence Deletion

Chronic granulomatous Disease (CGD) is an immunodeficiency disorder affecting about 1 in 250,000 individuals. The disease is caused by mutations in the genes encoding the components of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase. This enzyme produces superoxide, which is essential in the process of intracellular pathogen killing by phagocytic leukocytes. Four of the five genes involved in CGD are autosomal; these are CYBA, encoding p22-phox, NCF2, encoding p67-phox, NCF1, encoding p47-phox, and NCF4, encoding p40-phox. This article lists all mutations identified in these genes in the autosomal forms of CGD. Moreover, polymorphisms in these genes are also given, which should facilitate the recognition of future disease-causing mutations.

DOI: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2010.01.009
Alternate Journal: Blood Cells Mol. Dis.