Kathu Townlands: a high density Earlier Stone Age locality in the interior of South Africa.

Bibliographic Collection: 
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Walker, Steven J H; Lukich, Vasa; Chazan, Michael
Year of Publication: 2014
Journal: PLoS One
Volume: 9
Issue: 7
Pagination: e103436
Date Published: 2014
Publication Language: eng
ISSN: 1932-6203
Keywords: Archaeology, Artifacts, Geologic Sediments, South Africa

Kathu Townlands is a high density Earlier Stone Age locality in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Here we present the first detailed information on this locality based on analysis of a sample of lithic material from excavations by P. Beaumont and field observations made in the course of fieldwork in 2013. The results confirm the remarkably high artefact density at Kathu Townlands and do not provide evidence consistent with high energy transport as a mechanism of site formation, suggesting that Kathu Townlands was the site of intensive exploitation of highly siliceous outcroppings of banded iron formation. The results presented here provide a first step towards understanding this complex locality and point to the need for further research and the importance of preserving this locality in the face of intensive and rapid development.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103436
Alternate Journal: PLoS ONE