Neither chimpanzee nor human, Ardipithecus reveals the surprising ancestry of both

Bibliographic Collection: 
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: White, Tim D.; Lovejoy, C. Owen; Asfaw, Berhane; Carlson, Joshua P.; Suwa, Gen
Year of Publication: 2015
Volume: 112
Issue: 16
Pagination: 4877 - 4884
Date Published: 2015/04/21
Publication Language: eng

Australopithecus fossils were regularly interpreted during the late 20th century in a framework that used living African apes, especially chimpanzees, as proxies for the immediate ancestors of the human clade. Such projection is now largely nullified by the discovery of Ardipithecus. In the context of accumulating evidence from genetics, developmental biology, anatomy, ecology, biogeography, and geology, Ardipithecus alters perspectives on how our earliest hominid ancestors—and our closest living relatives—evolved.

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1403659111
Short Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences