Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Definition: 

A serious type of respiratory failure characterized by rapid onset of widespread fluid buildup in the lungs, which limits oxygen uptake and causes shortness of breath, rapid breathing, and bluish skin coloration.

Adhesin: Proteins produced by bacteria and protozoa that mediate binding to molecules on host cells.

Malarial adhesins can be transferred to the surface of red blood cells (RBCs) causing them to become sticky and adhere to other RBCs and vessel walls, resulting in microvascular inflammation.