The evolution of marathon running : capabilities in humans.

Bibliographic Collection: 
MOCA Reference, APE
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Lieberman, Daniel E; Bramble, Dennis M
Year of Publication: 2007
Journal: Sports Med
Volume: 37
Issue: 4-5
Pagination: 288-90
Date Published: 2007
Publication Language: eng
ISSN: 0112-1642
Keywords: Biological Evolution, Humans, Physical Endurance, Running, United States

Humans have exceptional capabilities to run long distances in hot, arid conditions. These abilities, unique among primates and rare among mammals, derive from a suite of specialised features that permit running humans to store and release energy effectively in the lower limb, help keep the body's center of mass stable and overcome the thermoregulatory challenges of long distance running. Human endurance running performance capabilities compare favourably with those of other mammals and probably emerged sometime around 2 million years ago in order to help meat-eating hominids compete with other carnivores.

Alternate Journal: Sports Med
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