James K. Rilling is an associate professor of anthropology at Emory University, with a secondary appointment in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. He is also an affiliate scientist at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and a faculty member of the Center for Translational Social Neuroscience. Dr. Rilling’s lab is engaged in three research projects. One project is investigating the biological bases of individual variation in paternal caregiving in human males. A second project uses fMRI and interactive games to investigate the biological bases of individual variation in human social cooperation. Finally, Dr. Rilling and his colleagues are using non-invasive brain imaging techniques to compare brain structure and function in monkeys, apes and humans, with the goal of identifying human brain specializations and informing our knowledge of human brain evolution.