Effect of adrenocorticotrophic hormone on sodium appetite in mice.
A main vector of the effects of stress is secretion of corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF), adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH), and adrenal steroids. Systemic administration of ACTH (2.8 microgram/day sc) for 7 days in BALB/c mice caused a very large increase of voluntary intake of 0.3 M NaCl equivalent to turnover of total body sodium content each day. Intracerebroventricular infusion of ACTH (20 ng/day) had no effect. Intracerebroventricular infusion of ovine CRF (10 ng/h for 7 days) caused an increase of sodium intake. The large sodium appetite-stimulating effect of systemic ACTH was not influenced by concurrent systemic infusion of captopril (2 mg/day). Induction of stress by immobilization of mice on a running wheel caused an increase in Na appetite associated with a 50% decrease of thymus weight, indicative of corticosteroid effects. The present data suggest that stress and the hormone cascade initiated by stress evoke a large sodium appetite in mice, which may be an important survival mechanism in environmental conditions causing stress.
Am J Physiol. 1999 Oct;277(4 Pt 2):R1033-40.
Howard Florey Institute of Experimental Physiology and Medicine, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia 3052. firstname.lastname@example.org