Nuclear DNA from two early Neandertals reveals 80,000 years of genetic continuity in Europe

Bibliographic Collection: 
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Peyrégne, Stéphane; Slon, Viviane; Mafessoni, Fabrizio; de Filippo, Cesare; Hajdinjak, Mateja; Nagel, Sarah; Nickel, Birgit; Essel, Elena; Le Cabec, Adeline; Wehrberger, Kurt; Conard, Nicholas J.; Kind, Claus Joachim; Posth, Cosimo; Krause, Johannes; Abrams, Grégory; Bonjean, Dominique; Di Modica, Kévin; Toussaint, Michel; Kelso, Janet; Meyer, Matthias; Pääbo, Svante; Prüfer, Kay
Year of Publication: 2019
Journal: Science Advances
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Pagination: eaaw5873
Date Published: 2019/06/01
Publication Language: eng

Little is known about the population history of Neandertals over the hundreds of thousands of years of their existence. We retrieved nuclear genomic sequences from two Neandertals, one from Hohlenstein-Stadel Cave in Germany and the other from Scladina Cave in Belgium, who lived around 120,000 years ago. Despite the deeply divergent mitochondrial lineage present in the former individual, both Neandertals are genetically closer to later Neandertals from Europe than to a roughly contemporaneous individual from Siberia. That the Hohlenstein-Stadel and Scladina individuals lived around the time of their most recent common ancestor with later Neandertals suggests that all later Neandertals trace at least part of their ancestry back to these early European Neandertals.

DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw5873
Short Title: Sci Adv