Domestication of Other Animals

Certainty Style Key

Certainty styling is being phased out topic by topic.

Hover over keys for definitions:
True   Likely   Speculative
Human Uniqueness Compared to "Great Apes": 
Absolute Difference
MOCA Domain: 

Humans are the only mammals that have domesticated other animals that previously existed in the wild. They use them as food, sources of labor, or as pets. Great apes have shown no domestication of animals in the wild. In captivity, there have been rare instances of an ape befriending a member of another species, such as a cat, but this has been interpreted as a formation of a bond more like friendship than the the true domestication of that animal. While domestication does exist in other taxa (e.g., ants domesticate aphids or certain fungi), humans can actively and deliberately control breeding and can select for desired physical and/or behavioral phenotypes.


  1. Close companions: Early evidence for dogs in northeast Jordan and the potential impact of new hunting methods, Yeomans, Lisa, Martin Louise, and Richter Tobias , Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 2019/03/01/, Volume 53, p.161 - 173, (2019)
  2. Ancient European dog genomes reveal continuity since the Early Neolithic, Botigué, Laura R., Song Shiya, Scheu Amelie, Gopalan Shyamalika, Pendleton Amanda L., Oetjens Matthew, Taravella Angela M., Seregély Timo, Zeeb-Lanz Andrea, Arbogast Rose-Marie, et al. , Nature Communications, 2017/07/18, Volume 8, p.16082 - , (2017)
  3. Pre-Neolithic evidence for dog-assisted hunting strategies in Arabia, Guagnin, Maria, Perri Angela R., and Petraglia Michael D. , Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, p. - , (2017)
  4. Genomic and archaeological evidence suggests a dual origin of domestic dogs, Frantz, Laurent A. F., Mullin Victoria E., Pionnier-Capitan Maud, Lebrasseur Ophélie, Ollivier Morgane, Perri Angela, Linderholm Anna, Mattiangeli Valeria, Teasdale Matthew D., Dimopoulos Evangelos A., et al. , Science, 2016/06/02, Volume 352, Issue 6290, p.1228 - 1231, (2016)
  5. Genomic Regions Associated With Interspecies Communication in Dogs Contain Genes Related to Human Social Disorders, Persson, Mia E., Wright Dominic, Roth Lina S. V., Batakis Petros, and Jensen Per , Scientific Reports, 2016/09/29, Volume 6, p.33439 - , (2016)
  6. Humanity's Dual Response to Dogs and Wolves., Treves, Adrian, and Bonacic Cristian , Trends Ecol Evol, 2016 Jul, Volume 31, Issue 7, p.489-91, (2016)
  7. The Genetics of How Dogs Became Our Social Allies, Jensen, Per, Persson Mia E., Wright Dominic, Johnsson Martin, Sundman Ann-Sofie, and Roth Lina S. V. , Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2016/10/01, Volume 25, Issue 5, p.334 - 338, (2016)
  8. Ancient wolf genome reveals an early divergence of domestic dog ancestors and admixture into high-latitude breeds., Skoglund, Pontus, Ersmark Erik, Palkopoulou Eleftheria, and Dalén Love , Curr Biol, 2015 Jun 1, Volume 25, Issue 11, p.1515-9, (2015)
  9. Dawn of the dog., Grimm, David , Science, 2015 Apr 17, Volume 348, Issue 6232, p.274-9, (2015)
  10. Genetic structure in village dogs reveals a Central Asian domestication origin., Shannon, Laura M., Boyko Ryan H., Castelhano Marta, Corey Elizabeth, Hayward Jessica J., McLean Corin, White Michelle E., Said Mounir Abi, Anita Baddley A., Bondjengo Nono Ikombe, et al. , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2015 Nov 3, Volume 112, Issue 44, p.13639-44, (2015)
  11. Social evolution. Oxytocin-gaze positive loop and the coevolution of human-dog bonds., Nagasawa, Miho, Mitsui Shouhei, En Shiori, Ohtani Nobuyo, Ohta Mitsuaki, Sakuma Yasuo, Onaka Tatsushi, Mogi Kazutaka, and Kikusui Takefumi , Science, 2015 Apr 17, Volume 348, Issue 6232, p.333-6, (2015)
  12. Training for eye contact modulates gaze following in dogs., Wallis, Lisa J., Range Friederike, Müller Corsin A., Serisier Samuel, Huber Ludwig, and Virányi Zsófia , Anim Behav, 2015 Aug, Volume 106, p.27-35, (2015)
  13. Widespread exploitation of the honeybee by early Neolithic farmers., Roffet-Salque, Mélanie, Regert Martine, Evershed Richard P., Outram Alan K., Cramp Lucy J. E., Decavallas Orestes, Dunne Julie, Gerbault Pascale, Mileto Simona, Mirabaud Sigrid, et al. , Nature, 2015 Nov 12, Volume 527, Issue 7577, p.226-30, (2015)
  14. Human evolution. How we tamed ourselves--and became modern., Gibbons, Ann , Science, 2014 Oct 24, Volume 346, Issue 6208, p.405-6, (2014)
  15. Tracking the evolutionary origins of dog-human cooperation: the "Canine Cooperation Hypothesis"., Range, Friederike, and Virányi Zsófia , Front Psychol, 2014, Volume 5, p.1582, (2014)