Herman Pontzer is a Professor of Anthropology at Hunter College and the City University of New York and investigates the evolution of humans and the other apes. Through laboratory and field studies, Pontzer’s work investigates the physiology of humans and apes to understand how ecology, lifestyle, diet, and evolutionary history affect metabolism and health. He is also interested in how ecology and evolution influence musculoskeletal design and physical activity. Field projects focus on small-scale societies, including hunter-gatherers and subsistence farmers, in Africa and South America. Lab research focuses on energetics and metabolism, including the development of new methods for measuring energy expenditure, physiology, and metabolic health in the field. These projects have taken Pontzer to archeological excavations in the Republic of Georgia for analyses of 1.8 million year old human fossils, Ugandan rainforests for observation of wild chimpanzees, and to northern Tanzania for measurements of energy expenditure among Hadza hunter-gatherers.