Leslie Aiello is the president of the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, a private international foundation devoted to the support of broad-based anthropological research. Her academic interests focus on the evolution of human adaptation as well as on the broader issues of evolutionary theory, life history and the evolution of the brain and cognition. She received her B.A. and M.A. in anthropology from the University of California, Los Angeles and her Ph.D. in human evolution and anatomy from the University of London. She spent the majority of her 30-year academic career at University College London where she was professor of biological anthropology (1995-2005), Head of the UCL Anthropology Department (1996-2002), and Head of the UCL Graduate School (2002-2005). She also served as the co-managing editor of the Journal of Human Evolution (1993-1999), and throughout her career has been active with the media in the public dissemination of science and particularly human evolution. She is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. She is also an elected member of the American Philosophical Society, has served as an officer for a number of anthropological and scientific societies and as a consultant and advisor to a variety of international anthropological institutions and initiatives. She was the 2006 Huxley Memorial Medalist and Lecturer, received an Honorary Fellowship from University College London (2007), and is currently Professor Emerita (Biological Anthropology) at University College London.