Birth to Grandmotherhood: Childrearing in Human Evolution
The goal is to take a broad view of the importance of child-rearing in human evolution, from birth to the impact of grandmothers. From the moment of birth, human infants require an inordinate amount of care and, unlike our nearest living relatives, remain dependent on a variety of caretakers during an unusually long maturation period followed by extraordinary adult longevity. How did such a distinctive pattern of development evolve and what other human features are linked to it? In this symposium, we will take a comparative perspective and consider neuroendocrine factors, energetics, life-history trade-offs and consequences for culture.
Media for each talk can be played by clicking on icons in the "Media" column, or by clicking on the individual talk titles below and then the attachment file at the bottom of the page.
|Welcome and Opening Remarks||Margaret Schoeninger, University of California, San Diego|
|Birth and the Newborn Infant||Wenda Trevathan, Professor Emerita, New Mexico State University|
|Infant State in Apes and Humans||Kim Bard, University of Portsmouth|
|Breast Milk and Breastfeeding||Katie Hinde, Arizona State University|
|Oxytocin Pathways and Human Evolution||Sue Carter, Indiana University|
|Sharing Childcare and Knowledge in Infancy||Barry Hewlett, Washington State University, Vancouver|
|Human Fathers||Hillard Kaplan, University of New Mexico|
|Hunter-Gatherer Childhood and Human Evolution||Melvin Konner, Emory University|
|Grandmothers and the Extended Family||Kristen Hawkes, University of Utah|
|Born Human: How The Utterly Dependent Survive||Sarah Hrdy, Professor Emerita, University of California, Davis|
|Wrap-Up, Question and Answer, and Closing Remarks||Speaker TBD|